State Authorization Reciprocity Agreement (SARA). A new initiative, SARA addresses the critical topic of postsecondary distance education regulation. Funded by a $2.3 million Lumina Foundation grant, SARA is a national initiative spearheaded by the National Council for SARA, the Midwestern Higher Education Compact, the New England Board of Higher Education, the Southern Regional Education Board, and WICHE. In an era when students can take online courses from institutions based all over the country, states have been faced with the challenging task of authorizing all out-of-state institutions offering online courses to their students, while institutions have often had to pay substantial fees to the many states in which they operate. SARA offers a cost-effective, efficient, straightforward framework for authorization that institutions, states, and students can trust. The National SARA Council, housed at WICHE, coordinates SARA's work across the four regional compacts.
Washington is active in two of the three WICHE Student Exchange Programs: the Western Undergraduate Exchange and the Western Regional Graduate Program. In 2013-14 Washington’s students and families saved over $35 million. Washington saved money, too, through not having to establish and maintain costly programs in a number of areas, including some in healthcare.
Western Undergraduate Exchange. Washington students have enrolled in undergraduate programs beyond Washington’s borders through the Western Undergraduate Exchange (WUE) since 1988. In 2013-14, 3,837 students from Washington are enrolled in out-of-state programs at reduced rates (150 percent of resident tuition), saving $33.4 million in tuition and fees – the average student savings amounted to $8,692. In the last 10 years, students have saved over $163 million.
Washington benefits from WUE in another way: by receiving students from out of state. Washington’s institutions can choose how many out-of-state slots to offer and in which areas, allowing them to make the best use of their resources by accepting students in underenrolled programs. There’s a workforce benefit for the state, too, as students often stay in Washington after graduating. In 2013-14 Washington received 1,289 students through WUE.
Professional Student Exchange Program. Washington has sent some 240 students to professional programs through the Professional Student Exchange Program (PSEP), with students studying in optometry and osteopathic medicine. Historically, some 81 percent of PSEP students return to Washington to pursue their professional careers.
Western Regional Graduate Program. Washington’s postgraduates also participate in graduate programs through the Western Regional Graduate Program (WRGP), which offers access to over 314 high-quality, distinctive programs (“distinctive” meaning that they’re offered at only four or fewer institutions in the WICHE region) at 56 institutions in all WICHE states. WRGP programs run the gamut, but emerging social, environmental, and resource-management fields are particular strengths, as are innovative interdisciplinary programs. In 2013-14 Washington sent 160 students to out-of-state institutions, while receiving 71.
Internet Course Exchange (ICE). WICHE ICE is an alliance of member institutions and systems with a set of policies, procedures, and support systems for sharing distance-delivered courses among two- and four-year institutions in the WICHE region.
WICHE’s Added Value
Washington gains added value from WICHE’s programs in policy, workforce development, technology, mental health, and other areas.
Policy & Workforce Development. Washington was chosen as one of four states to participate in WICHE’s Facilitating Development of a Multistate Longitudinal Data Exchange pilot project, funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. The initiative attempts to enable a more comprehensive regional view of the creation of human capital and its flow among multiple states by exchanging data across K-12 education, postsecondary education, and the workforce. In addition, the state participated in a Gates-funded meeting that brought together the stewards of the data systems in 14 WICHE states for discussions around linking data internally and with other states. A central topic was how to address the challenges to data sharing presented by the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act.
WICHE is partnering with the National Center for Higher Education Management Systems (NCHEMS) to research the new Washington Opportunity Scholarship program and its alignment with other state higher education finance policies, at the behest of Microsoft. WICHE staff has often consulted with and been invited to present to Washington policymakers on accountability, finance, and other issues. WICHE President David Longanecker worked with Washington policymakers on the state master plan. WICHE Director of Policy Research Brian Prescott was invited to give a talk to the NW Gear Up Association.
Washington is a member of WICHE’s College Access Challenge Grant (CACG) Network, a federally funded formula grant program designed to increase the number of low-income students who enroll and succeed in college. The network provides a forum for developing, implementing, and maintaining state CACG efforts, with states sharing best practices and lessons learned and receiving current evidence-based research. WICHE-related services to the consortium states include grant development and management, program implementation and evaluation, and ongoing expert consultation and guidance.
Staff from the Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges participates in WICHE’s Adult College Completion Network, a Lumina-funded project to increase the number of adults with significant college credit but no degree who return to postsecondary education and complete a credential. Washington is also participating in another Lumina project, Best Practices in Statewide Articulation and Transfer Systems, which seeks to develop a deeper understanding of how states coordinate their articulation and transfer programs for students who move from two-year to four-year institutions, focusing on strategies that increase access to and success in higher education.
WICHE’s Lumina-funded Getting What You Pay For: Understanding Higher Education Appropriations, Tuition, and Financial Aid project promoted informed decision making and the alignment of higher education appropriations, tuition, and financial aid policy by state legislators, to improve student access and success. WICHE sent copies of the project’s eight policy briefs to all members of the Washington Legislature. As an extension of this project, in 2009, WICHE President Longanecker testified to the House Higher Education Committee about accountability and performance in higher education with a focus on the baccalaureate level.
Additionally, the Evergreen State College, Eastern Washington University, Central Washington University, Washington State University, and University of Washington Educational Outreach belong to the Western Academic Leadership Forum, whose members address regional higher education issues and engage in cooperative resource sharing. Another WICHE initiative, the Western Alliance for Community College Academic Leaders, brings academic leaders of community colleges and technical schools and systems together with state governing and coordinating boards associated with two-year institutions to exchange ideas and information, share resources and expertise, and collaborate on regional initiatives. Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges is a member.
Technology. Washington has been very active in the WICHE Cooperative for Educational Technologies (WCET), a membership organization that advances access and excellence in higher education through the innovative use of technology. WCET members have access to trusted information on emerging trends, policies, and exemplars of successful learning technology innovation in practice. WCET provides access to peers, colleagues, common interest groups, experts, and decision makers; communications tools that enable members to stay informed about developments affecting technology-enabled teaching and learning; and information about key developments affecting e-learning providers, such as new federal rules pertaining to distance education. WCET also manages multi-institutional projects, one aimed at adult online learners and another on large-scale student data aggregation and predictive analytics to improve student outcomes.
The University of Washington’s Catalyst program won the WCET Outstanding Work (WOW) award, which recognizes effective and innovative uses of technology to address specific needs in higher education. Muriel Oaks, the recently retired dean of the Center for Distance and Professional Education at Washington State University, has served in leadership positions for WCET for several years; in 2002 she was recognized for her leadership and contributions to the field of technology in higher education as the recipient of the Richard Jonsen award. WashingtonOnline is a member in WCET’s eLearning Consortia.
WCET’s associate director, Russ Poulin, testified before a Washington legislative committee on online learning trends. In addition, the WICHE Technology and Innovation initiative has worked with the state on pursuing grants from the national Broadband Technology Opportunities Program (BTOP) and other programs.
Mental Health. WICHE’s Mental Health Program has worked on a number of Washington initiatives. Program staff has collaborated with the University of Washington’s Institute for Mental Health Research and Training to explore the application of evidence-based practices in rural settings. Mental Health Director Dennis Mohatt was a plenary speaker at the Washington Association of Community Mental Health Programs’ annual conference, discussing rural mental health workforce development.
Other Initiatives. Washington participated in the WICHE-managed State Scholars Initiative (SSI), a national business/education partnership effort working to increase the number of students who take a rigorous curriculum in high school; its program was funded by a grant of $300,000 from the U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Vocational and Adult Education.
Seattle Pacific University participates in another intitiative, the Master Property Program (MPP), which helps institutions reduce their insurance premiums and improve their coverage. Created by the Midwestern Higher Education Compact in 1994 and expanded to the WICHE region in 2004, the MPP includes 58 member institutions with total insured values of $86.4 billion. WICHE is also partnering with MHEC to offer MHECare, a new health program providing vetted, competitively priced medical benefits for students. Underwritten by UnitedHealthcare StudentResources, MHECare offers a variety of plans.