Additional Resources

American Council on Education. (2022, October 12). Joint Statement by Higher Education Associations on Importance of Clear, Fair Transcript Withholding Policies. https://www.acenet.edu/Documents/Joint-Statement-Transcript-Withholding-101222.pdf.

Arrojos, M. (2023, July 31). Here Are the States That Ban Colleges from Withholding Transcripts. Bestcolleges.com. https://www.bestcolleges.com/news/2022/05/19/states-that-ban-college-transcript-withholding-student-debt/.

Blumenstyk, G. (2022, February 2). The Edge: A ‘Blanket Approach’ Won’t Win Adults Back. The Chronicle of Higher Education [Subscription model]. https://www.chronicle.com/newsletter/the-edge/2022-02-02.

Blumenstyk, G. (2023, September 27). The Edge: Old debts keep millions from returning to college. Is this the solution?. The Chronicle of Higher Education [Subscription model]. https://www.chronicle.com/newsletter/the-edge/2023-09-27.

Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (2022, September). Supervisory Highlights Student Loan Servicing Special Edition. Issue 27: Fall 2022. https://files.consumerfinance.gov/f/documents/cfpb_student-loan-servicing-supervisory-highlights-special-edition_report_2022-09.pdf.

Financial Value Transparency and Gainful Employment (GE), Financial Responsibility, Administrative Capability, Certification Procedures, Ability to Benefit (ATB).  Office of Postsecondary Education, Department of Education, Final regulations. 88 Fed. Reg. 74568 (2023, October 31). https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/FR-2023-10-31/pdf/2023-22785.pdf.

Flaherty, C. (2023, March 1). College Holds Disproportionately Affect Students of Color. Inside Higher Ed. https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2023/03/02/survey-data-show-disparities-college-course-registration-holds.

Fulton, M. (2022, January). Placing a Hold on Postsecondary Student Success. Education Commission of the States. https://www.ecs.org/wp-content/uploads/Placing-a-Hold-on-Postsecondary-Student-Success.pdf.

Gardner, L. (2023, September 12). Solving the Stranded-Credits Problem. Chronicle of Higher Education. https://www.chronicle.com/featured/student-success/solving-standard-credits.

Jones, S., and Andrews, M. (2021, August 17). Stranded Credits: A Matter of Equity. Ithaka S+R. https://sr.ithaka.org/publications/stranded-credits-a-matter-of-equity/.

Lederman, D. (2022, May 3). Inside Higher Ed, The Key Podcast, Episode 79: Withholding Transcripts to Collect Student Debt. Inside Higher Ed. https://www.insidehighered.com/audio/2022/04/28/ep79-withholding-transcripts-collect-student-debt.

Karon, J., Ward, J. D., Hill, C. B., and Kurzweil, M. (2020, October 5). Solving Stranded Credits: Assessing the Scope and Effects of Transcript Withholding on Students, States, and Institutions. Ithaka S+R. https://doi.org/10.18665/sr.313978 and related works at https://sr.ithaka.org/publications/solving-stranded-credits/.

Kilgore, W. and Sharp, K. (2022). “Stop! Do Not Pass Go! Institutional Practices Impeding Student Advancement: Part 1 An Exploratory Study”. American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers. https://www.aacrao.org/docs/default-source/research-docs/institutional-practices-impeding-undergrad-student-advancement-(v8-final).pdf.

Knott, C. (2023, June 6). A ‘Modest but Important Step’ Against Transcript Withholding. Inside Higher Education. https://www.insidehighered.com/news/government/student-aid-policy/2023/06/06/education-department-looks-ban-transcript-withholding.

Kurzweil, M., Looker, E., and Pearce, B. (2023, September 27). After Successful Pilot, the Ohio College Comeback Compact Moves to Full Implementation. Ithaka S+R. https://sr.ithaka.org/blog/after-successful-pilot-the-ohio-college-comeback-compact-moves-to-full-implementation.

Marcus, J. (2021, March 22). Colleges are withholding transcripts and degrees from millions over unpaid bills. The Hechinger Report.  https://hechingerreport.org/colleges-are-withholding-transcripts-and-degrees-from-millions-over-unpaid-bills/.

National Association of College and University Business Officers. (2022, April 6). 2022 Joint Statement from AACRAO and NACUBO on the Use of Administrative-Process and Student-Success-Related Holds. https://www.nacubo.org/Press-Releases/2022/2022%20Joint%20Statement%20from%20AACRAO%20and%20NACUBO%20on%20the%20Use%20of%20Holds

Western Interstate Commission on Higher Education. March 18, 2022. The State of Administrative and Student Success Holds. Webinar. https://www.wiche.edu/events/nhbwebinar-the-state-of-administrative-and-student-success-holds/

Members of WICHE’s Western Academic Leadership Forum (Forum) and Western Alliance of Community College Academic Leaders (Alliance) were invited to attend a webinar to hear about the latest research on administrative holds policies and practices at the state, system, and institution-level from panelists from the American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers (AACRAO), Education Commission of the States (ECS), Ithaka S+R, and National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO). Webinar was recorded May 18, 2022.

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