Student Migration: Relief Valve for State Enrollment and Demographic Pressures

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Many states confront simultaneous enrollment and fiscal pressures. Some states
have or are forecasted to have too many students while others face the opposite
problem. In the face of these challenges, student migration should be examined as
an appropriate and viable policy tool.

Helping students migrate between states that face opposing enrollment problems
makes sense. Students already migrate between states in large numbers and
several regional and/or national programs exist to facilitate such migration. Such
programs are growing in popularity. Research on student migration points to
several factors that should play an important role in policymakers’ decisions to use
such programs to facilitate migration, particularly given the projected growth in
states with large numbers of underrepresented students.