Higher Education News

Cal State’s Retreat From Remediation Stokes Debate on College Readiness

Chronicle of Higher Education - September 15, 2017 - 7:19pm
The shift at the huge public-university system casts new attention on questions about how colleges decide who’s ready for college-level work.
Categories: Higher Education News

Speaking at Berkeley With Milo Yiannopoulos? It’s News to Them

Chronicle of Higher Education - September 15, 2017 - 5:59pm
Several prominent figures listed as booked for “Free Speech Week” on the University of California campus said they had not made any such commitment.
Categories: Higher Education News

Harvard’s Political Fellowships Have Long Been Lightning Rods

Chronicle of Higher Education - September 15, 2017 - 4:43pm
The university’s Institute of Politics is drawing fire for revoking a fellowship that had been offered to Chelsea Manning. It’s the latest in a string of politically fraught moves.
Categories: Higher Education News

U. of Virginia’s Next Chief Inherits a Wearied Institution  

Chronicle of Higher Education - September 15, 2017 - 4:20pm
James Ryan, dean of Harvard’s Graduate School of Education and a former law professor at UVa, will lead an institution that has gone from crisis to crisis.
Categories: Higher Education News

Harvard Withdraws Chelsea Manning’s Visiting Fellowship After CIA Chief’s Challenge

Chronicle of Higher Education - September 15, 2017 - 8:38am
The Central Intelligence Agency director canceled an engagement at the university after it named as a visiting fellow Ms. Manning, a former U.S. Army soldier who leaked classified government data.
Categories: Higher Education News

U. of Virginia’s Next President Will Be Harvard Dean

Chronicle of Higher Education - September 15, 2017 - 8:10am
James E. Ryan graduated from UVa’s School of Law and was a faculty member there.
Categories: Higher Education News

Faculty Letter at Brown U. Intensifies Standoff Over Tribe’s Claim to Land

Chronicle of Higher Education - September 14, 2017 - 4:51pm
A Native American group argues that a plot of land owned by the university is theirs by ancestral right. Scholars of indigenous studies at Brown cast doubt on the claim.
Categories: Higher Education News

When Do a Dean’s Messages About a Graduate Union Go Too Far?

Chronicle of Higher Education - September 14, 2017 - 3:06pm
Some faculty members at Cornell University have accused an administrator of unfairly trying to influence a unionization vote. Two messages, and their timing, are at the heart of the dispute.
Categories: Higher Education News

U. of Virginia Will Donate KKK’s 1921 Gift to Charlottesville Victims

Chronicle of Higher Education - September 14, 2017 - 12:40pm
The University of Virginia, which received a $1,000 pledge from the Ku Klux Klan 96 years ago, said it would donate the sum’s present-day equivalent, $12,500.
Categories: Higher Education News

Teaching Newsletter: A New Core? 9/14/2017

Chronicle of Higher Education - September 14, 2017 - 11:54am
How much interest is there in creating a common academic experience?
Categories: Higher Education News

ED to Celebrate Constitution Day

U.S. Department of Education Blog - September 14, 2017 - 11:35am

In remembrance of the signing of the U.S. Constitution, and in recognition of the Americans who strive to uphold the duties and responsibilities of citizenship, including Federal employees, the Congress enacted a law on December 8, 2004, that requires educational institutions receiving Federal funding to hold an educational program for their students pertaining to the United States Constitution on September 17 of each year, except when it falls on a weekend.  Congress also designated September 17 as “Constitution Day and Citizenship Day,” commemorating the anniversary of the signing of the Constitution. Additionally, Federal agencies are required to provide information about the Constitution to their employees to commemorate that day.

ED will commemorate the day this year with a special program at headquarters in Washington, DC, on September 18.  All employees are invited, and the program will be streamed on EDStream. This year’s Constitution Day program will feature historians who will discuss issues related to the First Amendment during World War I. Our speakers are:  Edward Lengel, Historian for The White House Historical Association, and Tony Williams, a Senior Teaching Fellow at the Bill of Rights Institute.  Julie Silverbrook, Executive Director of The Constitutional Sources Project (ConSource) will serve as moderator. Phil Rosenfelt, Deputy General Counsel for Program Services at ED, will introduce the speakers and provide observations on the relationship of constitutional issues in World War I and their relevance to the constitutional issues of today.

When planning each year’s program, we look to history and current and recent events for themes.  This year marks the Centennial of the U.S. entry into World War I (WWI).  The topics addressed at the time of WWI have great relevance today.

The appropriate role of the Federal government and the curtailment of personal liberties such as freedom of speech were issues in WWI that stand out.  During the war, Congress passed legislation limiting speech and instituted a draft to raise an army to fight the war.

Congress passed the Espionage Act of 1917 and the Sedition Act of 1918. These Congressional actions made it illegal to “utter, print, write or publish any disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive language about the form of government of the United States or the Constitution of the United States, or the military or naval forces of the United States.” These laws made certain types of protest, for example, punishable by a fine of up to $10,000 or up to 20 years in prison.

In fact, more than 2,000 people were indicted under these laws during the war.  The laws were challenged in the courts, including the United States Supreme Court, and courts generally upheld the restrictions as appropriate during wartime.  So, free speech and our basic freedoms were very much topics in WWI.

The second WWI-related issue was forced conscription. The draft led many to oppose the war.  In fact, a major Supreme Court case, Shenk v. United States, was decided that combined free speech and opposition to the draft.  The Supreme Court said:

A conspiracy to circulate among men called and accepted for military service under the Selective Service Act of May 18, 1917, a circular tending to influence them to obstruct the draft, with the intent to effect that result, and followed by the sending of such circulars, is within the power of Congress to punish, and is punishable under the Espionage Act, § 4, although unsuccessful.

In addition, on August 2, 1917, Oklahoma tenant farmers opposed to WWI and conscription revolted in what became known as the Green Corn Rebellion.  According to the Oklahoma Historical Society:

The men planned to march to Washington and end the war, surviving on the way by eating barbecued beef and roasted green corn, the latter giving the rebellion its name. The rebels began burning bridges and cutting telegraph lines on August 3, but they soon faced hastily organized posses, which halted the revolt. Three men died in the conflict, and more than four hundred others were arrested. Of those, 150 were convicted and received federal prison terms of up to ten years.

Freedom of speech and the press and the right to peaceably assemble, all guaranteed in the First Amendment to the Constitution, were important rights and issues then, and continue to be important now. The discussion of the Constitution issues during World War I will give new insight into the issues of today.

 

Anthony Fowler is Interagency Liaison at the U.S. Department of Education.

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The post ED to Celebrate Constitution Day appeared first on ED.gov Blog.

Categories: Higher Education News

How a Group of Instructors Is Standing Up to the Right-Wing Outrage Machine

Chronicle of Higher Education - September 13, 2017 - 7:15pm
Eighty are pre-emptively answering threats to progressive, minority faculty members after a year of social-media anger.
Categories: Higher Education News

What Lies Ahead in the Campus-Speech Wars?

Chronicle of Higher Education - September 13, 2017 - 1:00pm
Campus free-speech experts discuss the challenges and strategies they see for the First Amendment during a volatile era — and what colleges can do about them.
Categories: Higher Education News

UVa President Says Protesters Who Shrouded Jefferson Statue ‘Desecrated’ Campus

Chronicle of Higher Education - September 13, 2017 - 12:06pm
The sculpture at the University of Virginia was covered up in order to criticize the campus administration’s response to the “Unite the Right” rally last month.
Categories: Higher Education News

DACA Student Says She Was Harassed by Classmate Over Immigration Status

Chronicle of Higher Education - September 13, 2017 - 12:05pm
She accused Transylvania University, in Kentucky, of failing to act after postings about her on a “racial hatred page” led to a stream of online attacks.
Categories: Higher Education News

At Cornell’s New NYC Campus, a Unique Grad School Gets a Unique Home

Chronicle of Higher Education - September 12, 2017 - 10:01pm
Cornell Tech, an applied-sciences school, blends studio teaching techniques with tech-startup tactics. Its first three splashy buildings aim for a similarly boundary-free approach.
Categories: Higher Education News

U. of Rochester Professor Accused of Harassment Apologizes for ‘Emotional Turmoil’

Chronicle of Higher Education - September 12, 2017 - 7:57pm
Students and others have criticized the institution's president for dismissing complaints against the faculty member.
Categories: Higher Education News

Why Beall’s List Died — and What It Left Unresolved About Open Access

Chronicle of Higher Education - September 12, 2017 - 7:27pm
Nine months ago, a librarian abruptly shuttered a blacklist of journals he deemed untrustworthy. But while Jeffrey Beall’s project has ended, debates over its merit and impact live on.
Categories: Higher Education News

With DACA in Doubt, This Counselor to Latino Students Is Busier Than Ever

Chronicle of Higher Education - September 12, 2017 - 5:28pm
"People are listening," says Armando Bustamante, who works at the University of New Mexico. So he’s making every minute count.
Categories: Higher Education News

Stephen Bannon Will Speak at Berkeley During ‘Free Speech Week’

Chronicle of Higher Education - September 12, 2017 - 12:52pm
The Chronicle previously reported that Mr. Bannon had been invited. The announcement confirms that the former presidential adviser will appear at the event, scheduled for this month.
Categories: Higher Education News

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