State Authorization Reciprocity Agreement (SARA). A new initiative, SARA addresses the critical topic of postsecondary distance education regulation. Funded by a $2.3 million Lumina Foundation grant, SARA is a national initiative spearheaded by the National Council for SARA, the Midwestern Higher Education Compact, the New England Board of Higher Education, the Southern Regional Education Board, and WICHE. In an era when students can take online courses from institutions based all over the country, states have been faced with the challenging task of authorizing all out-of-state institutions offering online courses to their students, while institutions have often had to pay substantial fees to the many states in which they operate. SARA offers a cost-effective, efficient, straightforward framework for authorization that institutions, states, and students can trust. The National SARA Council, housed at WICHE, coordinates SARA's work across the four regional compacts.
Arizona is active in all three WICHE Student Exchange Programs: the Western Undergraduate Exchange, the Professional Student Exchange Program, and the Western Regional Graduate Program. In 2013-14 Arizona’s students and families saved over $14.2 million. Arizona saved money, too, through not having to establish and maintain costly programs in a number of areas, including some in healthcare.
Western Undergraduate Exchange. Arizona students have enrolled in undergraduate programs beyond Arizona’s borders through the Western Undergraduate Exchange (WUE) since 1998. In 2013-14, 1,336 students from Arizona are enrolled in out-of-state programs at reduced rates (150 percent of resident tuition), saving more than $9.6 million in tuition and fees – the average student savings amounted to $7,178. In the last 10 years, students have saved $65.9 million.
Arizona benefits from WUE in another way: by receiving students from out of state. Arizona’s institutions can choose how many out-of-state slots to offer and in which areas, allowing them to make the best use of their resources by accepting students in underenrolled programs. There’s a workforce benefit for the state, too, as students often stay in Arizona after graduating. In 2013-14 Arizona received 6,788 students through WUE.
Professional Student Exchange Program. Arizona has sent 2,452 students to professional programs through the Professional Student Exchange Program (PSEP), with students studying in a host of critical fields, including dentistry, occupational therapy, optometry, physician assistant, osteopathic medicine, and veterinary medicine. Historically, 83 percent of PSEP students return to Arizona to pursue their professional careers.
Western Regional Graduate Program. Arizona’s postgraduates also participate in graduate programs through the Western Regional Graduate Program (WRGP), which offers access to over 314 high-quality, distinctive programs (“distinctive” meaning that they’re offered at only four or fewer institutions in the WICHE region) at 56 institutions in all WICHE states. WRGP programs run the gamut, but emerging social, environmental, and resource-management fields are particular strengths, as are innovative interdisciplinary programs. In 2013-14 Arizona sent 56 students to out-of-state institutions, while receiving 274.
Internet Course Exchange (ICE). Northern Arizona University is a member of WICHE ICE, an alliance of member institutions and systems with a set of policies, procedures, and support systems for sharing distance-delivered courses among two- and four-year institutions in the WICHE region.
WICHE’s Added Value
Arizona gains added value from WICHE’s programs in policy, workforce development, technology, mental health, and other areas.
Policy & Workforce Development. Arizona has been an active participant in projects to support better-informed decision making at the state level. WICHE initiatives have been sponsored by the Ford Foundation, Lumina Foundation for Education, the U.S. Department of Education, and others. In addition, teams of policymakers and educational leaders from Arizona participate each year in regional policy forums and meetings hosted by WICHE. In addition, WICHE has worked closely with Arizona decision makers in a number of key areas, including performance funding, the alignment of college education with workforce demand, and financial aid. Arizonans also keep current on pressing policy issues developing all over the nation through WICHE’s extensive network.
WICHE’s Lumina-funded Getting What You Pay For: Understanding Higher Education Appropriations, Tuition, and Financial Aid project promoted informed decision making and the alignment of higher education appropriations, tuition, and financial aid policy by state legislators, to improve student access and success. WICHE sent copies of the project’s eight policy briefs to all members of the Arizona Legislature.
Arizona also participated in another Lumina project, Best Practices in Statewide Articulation and Transfer Systems, which seeks to develop a deeper understanding of how states coordinate their articulation and transfer programs for students who move from two-year to four-year institutions, focusing strategies that increase access to and success in higher education.
Arizona participated in a Gates-funded meeting in 2008 that brought together the stewards of the data systems in 14 WICHE states for discussions around linking data internally and with other states. A central topic was how to address the challenges to data sharing presented by Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act. State representatives also attended the Western Summit on Workforce Certification and Higher Education for policymakers in the West, held in response to the national demand for more highly skilled workers in a host of fields, from healthcare to high tech. Participants explored how states might use a workforce certification system – which would allow business and higher education to communicate with a common language about workforce demand and supply – to improve their ability to prepare individuals for productive careers and enhance the health of their economies.
Additionally, the Arizona Board of Regents and the University of Arizona participate in the Western Academic Leadership Forum, whose members address regional higher education issues and engage in cooperative resource sharing. Stephanie Jacobson, associate vice president of academic and student affairs at the board, is the former chair of the Forum. Another WICHE initiative, the Western Alliance for Community College Academic Leaders, brings academic leaders of community colleges and technical schools and systems together with state governing and coordinating boards associated with two-year institutions to exchange ideas and information, share resources and expertise, and collaborate on regional initiatives. The Maricopa Community Colleges and all its institutions are members, as are Eastern Arizona College, and Yavapai College. Both the Forum and the Alliance held their 2012 annual meetings in Phoenix, and the Alliance returns to Tempe in 2014.
Technology. Several Arizona colleges and universities are active participants in the WICHE Cooperative for Educational Technologies (WCET), a membership cooperative that accelerates the adoption of effective practices and policies to advance excellence in technology-enhanced teaching and learning in higher education. Institutional members have access to trusted information on emerging trends, policies and exemplars of successful adoption of learning technology innovation in practice. WCET membership provides unparalleled access to peers, colleagues, common interest groups, experts, and decision makers, who themselves are pushing effective adoption of educational technologies to improve access to quality educational programs. Specific resources available to Arizona institutional members include communications tools that enable them to stay informed of developments affecting technology-enabled teaching and learning, from dynamic listservs to communities of interest on student retention, student authentication, academic integrity, and e-learning management structures. WCET also keeps its members informed about key federal developments affecting e-learning providers, such as new federal rules pertaining to distance education. WCET also manages multi-institutional projects, one aimed at adult online learners and another on large-scale student data aggregation and predictive analytics to improve student outcomes. Phoenix was the host city for WCET’s 20th annual conference, one of the country’s premier e-learning conferences, attracting 400 attendees from across the U.S., Canada, and other countries.
A number of Arizona colleges and universities have received recognition for cutting-edge uses of educational technology tools and practices to enhance teaching and learning through the WCET Outstanding Work (WOW) award. Rio Salado College, Arizona State University, Cochise College, University of Arizona, and the University of Phoenix have been recognized for their effective and innovative uses of technology in education. Rio Salado College is a participant in the Transparency by Design project, a consumer education and accountability strategy benefiting adult students and the online higher education community.
Mental Health. A nucleus for researching mental health policy and a provider of technical assistance in such areas as service innovation, system reform, workforce development, and program evaluation, WICHE’s Mental Health Program is another well-used resource. The program recently completed a study for the Arizona State Hospital in Phoenix, making recommendations to improve how the hospital’s security department functioned. WICHE was also asked to recommend ways that interactions between patients, residents, medical staff, visitors, and security personnel at the Arizona State Hospital and Arizona Community Protection and Treatment Center could be bettered. In addition, one Arizona higher education campus participated in a research study, funded by the National Institute for Mental Health, that focused on campus mental health and the effects of mental health first aid training for campus residence life staff.
Other Initiatives. Arizona participated in the WICHE-managed State Scholars Initiative (SSI), a national business/education partnership effort working to increase the number of students who take a rigorous curriculum in high school; its program was funded by a grant of $300,000 from the U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Vocational and Adult Education.
The Pima County Community College system, with six campuses and four learning and education centers, participates in the Master Property Program (MPP). The program helps institutions reduce their insurance premiums and improve their coverage. Created by the Midwestern Higher Education Compact (MHEC) and expanded to the WICHE region, the MPP includes 58 member institutions with total insured values of $86.4 billion. WICHE is also partnering with MHEC to offer MHECare, a new health program providing vetted, competitively priced medical benefits for students. Underwritten by UnitedHealthcare StudentResources, MHECare offers a variety of plans.